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Keep socialist blog En Passant going - donate now
If you want to keep a blog that makes the arguments every day against the ravages of capitalism going and keeps alive the flame of democracy and community, make a donation to help cover my costs. And of course keep reading the blog. To donate click here. Keep socialist blog En Passant going. More... (4)

Sprouting sh*t for almost nothing
You can prove my 2 ex-comrades wrong by donating to my blog En Passant at BSB: 062914 Account: 1067 5257, the Commonwealth Bank in Tuggeranong, ACT. More... (12)

My interview Razor Sharp 18 February
Me interviewed by Sharon Firebrace on Razor Sharp on Tuesday 18 February. http://sharonfirebrace.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/18-2-14-john-passant-aust-national-university-g20-meeting-age-of-enttilement-engineers-attack-of-austerity-hardship-on-civilians.mp3 (0)

My interview Razor Sharp 11 February 2014
Me interviewed by Sharon Firebrace on Razor Sharp this morning. The Royal Commission, car industry and age of entitlement get a lot of the coverage. http://sharonfirebrace.com/2014/02/11/john-passant-aust-national-university-canberra-2/ (0)

Razor Sharp 4 February 2014
Me on 4 February 2014 on Razor Sharp with Sharon Firebrace. http://sharonfirebrace.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/4-2-14-john-passant-aust-national-university-canberra-end-of-the-age-of-entitlement-for-the-needy-but-pandering-to-the-lusts-of-the-greedy.mp3 (0)

Time for a House Un-Australian Activities Committee?
Tony Abbott thinks the Australian Broadcasting Corporation is Un-Australian. I am looking forward to his government setting up the House Un-Australian Activities Committee. (1)

Make Gina Rinehart work for her dole
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Sick kids and paying upfront

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Save Medicare

Demonstrate in defence of Medicare at Sydney Town Hall 1 pm Saturday 4 January (0)

Me on Razor Sharp this morning
Me interviewed by Sharon Firebrace this morning for Razor Sharp. It happens every Tuesday. http://sharonfirebrace.com/2013/12/03/john-passant-australian-national-university-8/ (0)

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America’s torture chambers

Nicole Colson in Socialist Worker US analyzes the Senate report documenting the use of torture by the CIA – and explains why none of those connected to it are likely to face justice.

George W. Bush and Dick Cheney (Eric Draper)

“THIS GOVERNMENT does not torture people.”

Turns out that George W. Bush’s indignant pronouncement in 2007 was a bald-faced lie.

We’ve known that for quite some time, of course. Since 9/11, there has been a steady stream of reports about the brutality inflicted on detainees of the U.S. government, including those “rendered” to black-site prisons around the globe, where they could be more easily tortured by foreign governments, as well as CIA operatives and other intelligence personnel.

However, with the release of the executive summary of the Senate Intelligence Committee’s report on the CIA use of torture–nearly 600 pages in all, and still less than 20 percent of the full, heavily redacted document–we’ve been given a staggering picture of the horrors inflicted on detainees at the hands of their American captors.

Various scandals, leaks and media reports since the September 11 attacks made it clear years ago that the CIA and U.S. military personnel routinely engaged in torture–euphemistically described with terms like “enhanced interrogation techniques.” What’s different about the Senate report is its description of just how depraved the torture methods were–and how useless torture was in extracting any information of value from supposedly “high-value” detainees.

Waterboarding of detainees, the report says, was nothing more than a “series of near drownings,” with at least one detainee needing to be medically revived after he stopped breathing. Others were subjected to sleep deprivation for as long as 180 hours, along with severe “stress-and-duress” positions designed to inflict maximum physical pain. One detainee, Gul Rahman, died as a result of hypothermia after being stripped and chained to the wall in his cell at the Cobalt prison in Afghanistan (nicknamed the “Salt Pit”).

Conditions at the Salt Pit were so dire, according to the report, that they led to “psychological and behavioral issues, including hallucinations, paranoia, insomnia and attempts at self-harm and self-mutilation.” Detainees were kept in total darkness in isolated cells, while loud music played constantly.

At least five detainees were subjected to “rectal rehydration” and/or “rectal feedings”–humiliating and painful assaults that in at least one case included administering a pureed lunch to a detainee through an enema. These “procedures” were in no way medically necessary, as was claimed.

Adding to the psychological torment of detainees, interrogators sometimes threatened to rape or kill their family members, including their children. Some of those in charge of detainees, the report admits, “had workplace anger management issues” and had “reportedly admitted to sexual assault.”

According to the New York Times, Dr. Bruce Jessen and Dr. James Mitchell, former military psychologists, helped advise the CIA on the use of waterboarding and other torture methods. For their “expertise,” Jessen and Mitchell were well compensated:

In 2006, the value of the CIA’s base contract with the company formed by the psychologists with all options exercised was in excess of $180 million; the contractors received $81 million prior to the contract’s termination in 2009. In 2007, the CIA provided a multiyear indemnification agreement to protect the company and its employees from legal liability arising out of the program. The CIA has since paid out more than $1 million pursuant to the agreement.

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

THE SENATE report details a litany of abuses that would have been at home during the Spanish Inquisition.

But then again, these practices are nothing new. Waterboarding dates back to the Spanish Inquisition and has been used around the globe ever since. Today, Israel uses many of the same techniques as the U.S. against Palestinians because, according to Rania Khalek at the Electronic Intifada, “[t]hese are techniques that are thought to inflict maximum suffering while minimizing the risk that they will leave telltale signs of torture on the victim’s body.”

As for creating a legal rationale for torture, the CIA again looked explicitly to Israel, the Middle East’s dominant colonial-settler state. The torture report documents that the CIA repeatedly cited a ruling by the Israeli high court that in theory outlawed the use of torture, but which in reality created loopholes that legally allow torture when it is employed in the service of stopping an “imminent” threat to life.

The problem with this logic, no matter which government is using it, is that the CIA used torture on detainees who had no knowledge of terrorist attacks. More than 20 percent of the detainees subjected to torture–26 out of 119–were wrongfully held, according to the report:

These included an “intellectually challenged” man whose CIA detention was used solely as leverage to get a family member to provide information, two individuals who were intelligence sources for foreign liaison services and were former CIA sources, and two individuals whom the CIA assessed to be connected to al-Qaeda based solely on information fabricated by a CIA detainee subjected to the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques.

Obviously, such detainees can’t be described as the “worst of the worst,” as Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld once described them. Instead, they resorted to making up stories to satisfy their CIA interrogators–saying what they believed their captors wanted to hear in order to make the abuse stop.

In one of the biggest blows to the interrogations program, the Senate Intelligence Committee report disputes the claim that Osama bin Laden would not have been found if not for the use of “enhanced interrogation techniques” on detainees. In a review of cases where the spy agency claimed that torture techniques produced useful information that wouldn’t have been collected otherwise, the report found little connection between this and “counterterrorism success.”

In other words, the Senate report underlines the CIA’s own opinion prior to 9/11. In a 1989 report to Congress, the agency said that “inhumane physical or psychological techniques are counterproductive because they do not produce intelligence and will probably result in false answers.”

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

PREDICTABLY, THOUGH, the right-wing response to the Senate torture report has been all but apoplectic.

On Fox News, Outnumbered co-host Andrea Tantaros accused the Democrats of using the torture report for partisan reasons, before breaking into incoherent cheerleading:

The Bush administration did what the American public wanted, and that was do whatever it takes to keep us safe…The United States of America is awesome, we are awesome. We’ve closed the book on it, and we’ve stopped doing it. And the reason they want to have this discussion is not to show how awesome we are. This administration wants to have this discussion to show us how we’re not awesome.

But the response of Democrats was little better. While Sen. Dianne Feinstein is posing as a champion against torture now, having pushed for the release of the report, in reality, she has repeatedly lined up with intelligence officials to keep information about the extent of U.S. torture, as well as spying on U.S. citizens, a secret–including repeatedly arguing in favor of the prosecution of whistleblowers Julian Assange and Edward Snowden.

Likewise, despite his promise as a candidate that “If I found out that there were high officials who knowingly, consciously broke existing laws, engaged in cover-ups of those crimes with knowledge forefront, then I think a basic principle of our constitution is nobody above the law,” Barack Obama has refused to take action against the torturers.

Obama initially endorsed the idea of a “truth commission” to investigate the CIA’s actions, but soon dropped the idea. In 2012, Attorney General Eric Holder closed an investigation into torture (including torture which led to the deaths of at least two prisoners) by announcing that no charges would be brought against any individuals, whether the interrogators who engaged in physical torture or those in the CIA and Bush administration who authorized its use.

As Politico reported:

Despite the White House’s claim that Obama “strongly supports” making the report public, the CIA and Obama Chief of Staff Denis McDonough have been wrangling for months with Intelligence Committee chairwoman Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) to limit disclosure of details that Democratic senators say are crucial to understanding the narrative of the program.

The day after the release of the report, the Obama administration went to court to quash a Freedom of Information Act request made by the New York Times to disclose more than 1,700 pages of documents from the Justice Department investigation into the torture of detainees–including documents explaining why no charges were filed.

In a cruel irony, the Huffington Post pointed out that while the Obama administration continues to refuse to prosecute anyone who engaged in torture or authorized its use, there is one person in jail as a result of the torture scandal–former CIA agent John Kiriakou, a whistleblower who is serving a prison sentence for revealing the name of a covert agent to a reporter. “I believe I was prosecuted not for what I did but for who I am: a CIA officer who said torture was wrong and ineffective and went against the grain,” Kiriakou said last year.

In response to the Senate torture report, calls for the prosecution of those who engaged in torture are growing internationally. Ben Emmerson, the UN’s special rapporteur on counterterrorism and human rights, told the Associated Press that the report shows “there was a clear policy orchestrated at a high level within the Bush administration, which allowed [it] to commit systematic crimes and gross violations of international human rights law…The fact that the policies revealed in this report were authorized at a high level within the U.S. government provides no excuse whatsoever. Indeed, it reinforces the need for criminal accountability.”

But such accountability is unlikely. The Obama administration is fundamentally committed to the same project as the Bush administration – pursuing a failed “war on terror” and projecting U.S. power around the globe – so there will be no justice for those whose lives were destroyed by U.S. torturers.

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Comments

Comment from John
Time December 16, 2014 at 8:22 am

Kay, I hit the spam button instead of approve for your comment by mistake. Want to re-post?

Comment from Kay
Time December 16, 2014 at 4:57 pm

You probably disagree violently with it anyway!

I said: Not a good look for the US or the CIA! But it hardly compares with the atrocities committed by leaders like Stalin, or by extremist groups like Al Qaeda, the Taliban and ISIS.

Comment from John
Time December 16, 2014 at 7:11 pm

Of course I disagree. That was why i wanted you to re-post. How many died as a consequence of the US invasion of Indo-China? 2 million? 4 million? How many died as a consequence of the invasion of Iraq? 1.5 million? Al Qaeda, the Taliban and ISIS are small beer. Stalin killed up say 20 million to establish state capitalism in Russia.

Comment from Kay
Time December 17, 2014 at 8:33 am

How awfully convenient for today’s socialists to start labeling the USSR experiment as ‘State capitalism”!! What a cop-out! And what a denial of history!

Right from the Revolution onwards, it was called ‘communism’, and based on Karl Marx’ Das Kapital. Communist Parties around the world bowed down in obeisance to the ‘inspiring worker-based’ regimes operating in the USSR and China. At 1950s CPA meetings with my parents, I watched communist propaganda movies in awe, as very attractive young men and women laughed and sang and worked side by side harvesting the bountiful fields of wheat and other grains for the benefit of everyone in the country – not profit-based, just needs-based. Every year we were given figures re the target grain harvests in each area in the land, and how well those targets were being met. How wonderful! All CPA members worked towards achieving this nirvana for Australian workers. Down with capitalism, down with US imperialism! Sounds a lot like what you socialists espouse.

But then, undeniable evidence started to mount re the atrocities being committed by this brutal totalitarian regime, enforced by State police and the KGB. And the gulags, the imprisonments, the torture, the killings and executions, the persecution of the Jews, the fear experienced by ordinary workers – and the total absence of freedom of speech and freedom of the press. And borders guarded by armed guards, dogs, mines, and don’t forget the Berlin Wall – all to prevent people from escaping and telling the world what was really happening there. But the facts can’t be hidden forever! Interestingly, capitalist countries don’t need armed guards and walls to prevent its citizens from escaping!

Why did this happen? Any system devised by human beings is bound to evolve into a ‘them’ versus ‘us’ arrangement, purely because human beings are essentially self-serving, power-hungry and greedy. The rich getting richer, the poor getting poorer is the longer-term outcome of any system. Only constant vigilance and ongoing efforts by ordinary working people can help to keep this trend under control. The only protection? – true democracy, aided by complete freedom of speech and complete freedom of the press (not exactly something dear to the hearts of Lefties).

No argument about the stupidity, lack of ethics and needless loss of life in the US’ invasions of Vietnam, Cambodia and other parts of the world under the banner of the Domino Theory. No argument there at all!

But Iraq did invade Kuwait, and the first Iraq War was at the request of the Kuwaiti government. The US stopped well short of Baghdad. Iraq also attacked Iran. The second Iraq War – a reaction to the continued atrocities committed by Saddam Hussein (the chemical warfare against the Kurds and Iranians, the draining of the Mesopotamian Marshes, and his continuing brutal rule) plus a rush of testosterone by Bush and Cheney after 9/11. No doubt many lives lost.

But do you ever consider the sum total of the ever-mounting death toll perpetrated by Muslims against Muslims, Sunni versus Shia? It continues, day after day after day, decade after decade! Why, even today – 132 innocent children slaughtered by the Taliban in Pakistan, some of their teachers burnt alive. I am pretty sure the death toll of Muslims killed by other Muslims over the past few decades would be right up there to compare with the death tolls arising from US invasions of various countries Al Qaeda, the Taliban, ISIS and their other iterations (Al Shabab etc) are right up there as the primary perpetrators of atrocities of innocent civilians around the world today. If you condemn the US, at least have the honesty to condemn these extremist Islamist murderers, and consider the total numbers involved there as well.

For example – recent figures published by the UN Office of Human Rights give 191,369 confirmed deaths during the past 3 years of the Syrian civil war – out of the 318,910 reported deaths, and countless unreported deaths. This 191,369 figure is given equivalent to all war-related deaths in Iraq from the 2003 invasion through to today. The UN’s figures, not mine. And this civil war is escalating. And don’t forget the millions of displaced Syrians. You just need to keep these things in perspective.

Comment from John
Time December 17, 2014 at 9:23 am

The theory of state capitalism was developed in the 1930s and 1940s.

Comment from Kay
Time December 17, 2014 at 2:55 pm

Communism was the official political ideology of all the Eastern Bloc countries, plus China, Cuba and North Korea way up until the Berlin Wall fell. And it is still the official ruling political ideology in China, Cuba and North Korea today.

State capitalism is the economic system developed under this political ideology – because the original idealistic concepts under socialism/communism simply didn’t work on a large nation-wide scale. The USSR discovered this as its economy faltered and people starved. Capitalism produces the best economic outcomes – even the communist countries had to admit that.

Why even on the small, kibbutzim scale, socialism has not worked long term! But still, against all this history, you continue to have faith in the unworkable!