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Keep socialist blog En Passant going - donate now
If you want to keep a blog that makes the arguments every day against the ravages of capitalism going and keeps alive the flame of democracy and community, make a donation to help cover my costs. And of course keep reading the blog. To donate click here. Keep socialist blog En Passant going. More... (4)

Sprouting sh*t for almost nothing
You can prove my 2 ex-comrades wrong by donating to my blog En Passant at BSB: 062914 Account: 1067 5257, the Commonwealth Bank in Tuggeranong, ACT. More... (12)

My interview Razor Sharp 18 February
Me interviewed by Sharon Firebrace on Razor Sharp on Tuesday 18 February. http://sharonfirebrace.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/18-2-14-john-passant-aust-national-university-g20-meeting-age-of-enttilement-engineers-attack-of-austerity-hardship-on-civilians.mp3 (0)

My interview Razor Sharp 11 February 2014
Me interviewed by Sharon Firebrace on Razor Sharp this morning. The Royal Commission, car industry and age of entitlement get a lot of the coverage. http://sharonfirebrace.com/2014/02/11/john-passant-aust-national-university-canberra-2/ (0)

Razor Sharp 4 February 2014
Me on 4 February 2014 on Razor Sharp with Sharon Firebrace. http://sharonfirebrace.files.wordpress.com/2014/02/4-2-14-john-passant-aust-national-university-canberra-end-of-the-age-of-entitlement-for-the-needy-but-pandering-to-the-lusts-of-the-greedy.mp3 (0)

Time for a House Un-Australian Activities Committee?
Tony Abbott thinks the Australian Broadcasting Corporation is Un-Australian. I am looking forward to his government setting up the House Un-Australian Activities Committee. (1)

Make Gina Rinehart work for her dole
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Sick kids and paying upfront

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Save Medicare

Demonstrate in defence of Medicare at Sydney Town Hall 1 pm Saturday 4 January (0)

Me on Razor Sharp this morning
Me interviewed by Sharon Firebrace this morning for Razor Sharp. It happens every Tuesday. http://sharonfirebrace.com/2013/12/03/john-passant-australian-national-university-8/ (0)

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The tax concessions Turnbull won’t abolish all overwhelmingly favour the top ten percent

No doubt you will be shocked to learn, as I was, that it is the rich who benefit overwhelmingly from negative gearing losses, and the superannuation and capital gains discount tax concessions.

Here are some pesky facts.

The main beneficiaries in terms of the size of the negative gearing benefits are the well off. According to NATSEM the top ten percent of income earners get 34.1% of the benefit.

Top Gears: How negative gearing and the capital gains tax discount benefit the top 10% and drive up house prices. Published by The Australia Institute.

 
Grattan Institute analysis shows that, by adjusting to smooth out the impact of the deduction which cuts many people’s taxable incomes significantly, the top decile before taking into account the loss gets 50% of the tax benefits that flow from negative gearing.

We are not talking small bikkies either. The revenue saved from the losses claimed of between $12 billion and $15 billion is up to about $5 bn a year.

An important aspect of the thinking of negatively geared investors is the capital gains tax (CGT) concessions that flow when the property is sold.

Unlike all other forms of gain taxed as income (wages, business profits, interest, rent etc) capital gains are taxed concessionally. If you hold an asset for greater than 12 months when you sell it you only include half the net capital gain in assessable income. In 2015 Tax Expenditure Statement the Treasury estimates this tax expenditure forgoes a bit over $6 billion a year.

NATSEM estimates that after taking account of the impact of the capital gain on taxable income, the top decile gets 54% of the value of all the concessions. If that adjustment isn’t made then the top decile gets 73% of the total value of the monetary benefit.

Top Gears: How negative gearing and the capital gains tax discount benefit drive up house prices, published by The Australia Institute.

 
The superannuation tax concessions tell a similar story.

The Murray Financial Services Inquiry shows that the top decile gets 38% of the superannuation tax concessions. These superannuation concessions are worth about $30 billion a year so the top ten percent get around $12 billion of the revenue forgone. This chart from page 138 of the final report of the Inquiry captures it.

This chart shows the proportion of superannuation tax concessions accrued to different deciles of income earners, based on 2011-12 ATO data. Higher income earners receive greater tax concessions, with more than half tax concessions accruing to the top 20 per cent of income earners.

 
In other words the benefits of these two tax concessions, super and CGT,  and the negative gearing tax losses flow overwhelmingly to the very well off. Abolishing all the concessions for all taxpayers would improve the Budget bottom line by about $40 billion according to Treasury. Abolishing the benefits for the top ten percent of income earners would free up a potential $16 billion or so in revenue a year.

Negative gearing, superannuation and capital gains all show that the richer you are the bigger benefit you get. This is a classic outcome of using the tax system to provide what are essentially disguised grants.

And for those who want to put a figure on it, from memory the top ten percent of income earners are those individual taxpayers earning more than about $120,000 of taxable income a year.  A break down of benefits within that group would I am sure produce further skewing to the very very rich (for example those earning more than $180,000, the top 2% of income earners).

Here are some links to various papers on the issue highlighting the benefit flows very well. The ACOSS paper deals more generally with inequality of income and wealth in Australia.

Matt Grudnoff, Top Gears: How negative gearing and the capital gains tax discount benefit the top 10 per cent and drive up house prices (The Australia Institute April 2015).

Ben Philips, Distributional Modelling of Proposed Negative Gearing and Capital Gains Taxation Reform (NATSEM February 2016)

John Daley and Danielle Wood, Submission to Standing Committee on Economics inquiry into Tax Deductibility (Grattan Institute February 2016. Page 11 has a graph of the before and after negative gearing benefits.

The 2014 Murray Financial Services Inquiry, especially page 138 with its graph of the tax concession benefits flowing overwhelmingly to the top 10%.

ACOSS, Inequality in Australia: A Nation Divided (2015)

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Comments

Comment from Tom
Time April 24, 2016 at 8:54 pm

So would you bring back the indexation method for calculating capital gains tax?

Comment from John
Time April 24, 2016 at 9:31 pm

No. I’d treat those gains like all other gains and tax them on their nominal gain as well as any real gain. Of course if government wants to only tax real increases I am not opposed to that for all income. It won’t.